2014 was the warmest year on record, with global temperatures 0.7C (1.2F) above the long-term average. 14 of the 15 warmest years on record have now occurred since 2000.
The analysis was published today by US government scientists at NASA and NOAA. See the BBC report for further details.
Also see NOAA’s selected climate events and anomalies for 2014.
The United Nations has been building support since 1990 for a universal agreement on climate change.
In 1988, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established by the UN and the World Meteorological Organisation to provide the world with a clear scientific view on climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.
The IPCC’s fifth assessment report in November 2014 concluded:
“Human influence on the climate system is clear and growing, with impacts observed on all continents. If left unchecked, climate change will increase the likelihood of severe, pervasive and irreversible impacts for people and ecosystems.
“However, options are available to adapt to climate change and … ensure that the impacts of climate change remain within a manageable range, creating a brighter and more sustainable future.
“We have the means to limit climate change,” said R. K. Pachauri, Chair of the IPCC. “The solutions are many and allow for continued economic and human development. All we need is the will to change, which we trust will be motivated by knowledge and an understanding of the science of climate change.”
IPCC – Press Release, 2nd November 2014
For further information see:
Media coverage of the November 2014 IPCC report: BBC, 2 Nov 2014 – Guardian, 2 Nov 2014 – Telegraph, 2 Nov 2014 – Telegraph, 31 Oct 2014